Alopecia Areata Treatment

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Alopecia Areata Treatment 2021-02-22T11:35:22+00:00

Alopecia areata is also known as spot baldness, the condition is an autoimmune one which leads to generation of bald spots (most commonly on the scalp). The disease results from the failure of body’s immune cells to recognize body’s own cells. The immune system then proceeds to attack the areas that it thinks are not a part of the body and will lead to this gradual loss of hair in patches.

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Alopecia Areata Treatment in Gurgaon
‘Alopecia’ is a medical term for hair loss. Alopecia areata is a type of alopecia which is caused by an autoimmune mechanism.
The white blood cells in your body that normally fight infection recognizing your hair as ‘foreign’ and start causing their destruction leading to hair loss. However, this damage is not permanent and hence can be reversed with treatment.
Majority of patients present with a few patches of hair loss on their scalp or beard region. However a few cases eg. Alopecia totalis may lose all scalp hair and in Alopecia universalis all body hair can be lost as well.
Alopecia areata can affects people regardless of age, sex or race. A few patients have family members with the same disease. Others suffer from other autoimmune diseases like thyroid dysfunction, diabetes or vitiligo.
Most people present with sudden patchy hair loss over scalp or beard region. The patches are usually small round or oval shaped. The scalp skin appears normal and no associated symptoms are present. Eyebrows and eyelashes are also commonly affected.
Yes. In a few cases alopecia areata is found to occur among family members.
There is no permanent cure for alopecia areata. However treatments can help in regrowth of lost hair. Mild cases of alopecia areata often improve without any treatment within a few months to a year.
Steroid injections given at frequent intervals over the involved skin is the best and safest treatment for alopecia areata with few patches of hair loss. These are spaced two to three weeks apart. Improvement is usually visible within three to four sittings.
These are generally used as adjunct to local steroid injections or as a sole therapy in children.
Local application of minoxidil on a daily basis is generally combined with topical steroids. The mechanism of action is still not clear.
UVA or UVB therapy can be utilized as a therapeutic option and has been proved to be of benefit. At Garekars MD, the option of Photo therapy is explored depending upon the severity of the condition.
In majority of case the hair grows back either on its own or by regular treatment. However in severe cases achieving regrowth might be difficult.