Keloid is a type of scar tissue that is comprised of different type of collagen from what your skin is usually made up of. Keloids can be painful or absolutely painless.
Either way, you need professional treatment for the unsightly scar that will otherwise become a permanent feature on your skin. Being one of the best skin specialists in Gurugram, we can help you with the right diagnosis & treatment of keloids. Visit us today!
What is a keloid?Keloids are raised excess growth of scar tissue that generally appear at the site of an injury. However in individuals with a tendency to develop keloids, they may also appear without any visible injury.
How does keloid form?
The mechanism through which keloids form is not fully understood. There is an abnormality in the fibroblasts which are basically the cells which form collagen. There are various factors which play a role.
Keloids are seen more often in people with black skin.
A few areas like sternum are more susceptible to developing keloids
Are keloids contagious?No. Keloids are not contagious.
What are the symptoms of a keloid scar? / How do I know if I have a keloid scar?Keloids look like blown up raised scars. The generally extend beyond area of the triggering wound. They are shiny, hairless and rubbery to touch. Slight itching or discomfort might be associated. For most people they can be of cosmetic concern. If located over a joint they can hinder the mobility of the joint.
Where can a keloid scar appear?Keloids can appear at any site of trauma. The trauma may range from a minor acne scar to an ear piercing to a severe injury like an open heart surgery.
How is a keloid diagnosed?The diagnosis of keloid is usually a clinical one. A dermatologist would be able to make a diagnosis based on history and clinical examination.
Is ear piercing a common cause of keloid scars?Yes. Earlobes are a common site for keloid formation, especially in those who have a tendency of developing keloids.
What is the treatment for keloids? / What should I know about skin keloid treatments?
Treatment is difficult and does not always yield positive results.
Triamcinolone is a steroid which can be injected into a keloid. Over multiple sittings spaced 2-3 weeks apart the therapy may lead to flattening of keloid.
Freezing with liquid nitrogen also prevents the growth.
sheets and Silicone gels:
These do help when used over a prolonged period of time.
What precautions should I take if I have a tendency to develop keloids?Avoid trauma (tattoos, ear lobe piercing). Avoid Cosmetic surgery. Manage your acne aggressively through a dermatologist.